India’s State Energy Efficiency Index – A Much Needed Scorecard

Sep 18, 2018

As a part of its climate change commitment, India has pledged to reduce its carbon intensity by nearly 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 level. Meeting this target requires India adopt more renewable energy as well as dramatically increase its efficiency of energy use. To meet the later requirement calls for enabling energy efficiency policies, implementing innovative energy efficiency programs, and significant scale up of high-impact energy efficiency interventions across all sectors such as industry, transport, and buildings.

India’s Ministry of Power, through the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and other stakeholders such as the State Designated Agencies (SDAs), has rolled out several plans to promote energy conservation and efficiency. These include the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, Energy Conservation Building Code, and a Standards and Labeling program, among others. With several successful initiatives in different states, there was a need to have a single go-to platform that would capture and display the related state-specific EE data and track progress.

To address this knowledge gap, India’s leading EE association--Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE)--under the guidance of BEE and NITI Aayog, developed a ‘State Energy Efficiency Index’ for the 29 Indian states and the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The Index, launched on August 1, 2018, examines the Indian states’ EE policies, adoption of EE interventions and the resultant energy savings. It includes 63 qualitative, quantitative, and outcome-based indicators across five sectors—buildings, industry, municipalities, transport, and agriculture and distribution companies.

Indicators of the India State Efficiency Index
List of Indicators across sectors. Source: AEEE

Based on the data collected, the states have been categorized into four buckets—Front Runner, Achiever, Contender, and Aspirant—as per their efforts and achievements towards EE implementation. The ‘Front Runner’ states include Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan. To know more, please access the State Energy Efficiency Index Report.

Efforts and achievements toward energy efficiency implementation in India
India State Energy Efficiency Index Results. Source: AEEE

Regular updating of the State Energy Efficiency Index will help the national and state governments not only in monitoring the progress of its various EE policies and programs, but also enable it to design data-driven policies for smoother rollout and scale up of EE in India. In addition, it will facilitate cross learning between states on EE-related best practices, and encourage healthy competition among the states.

The State Energy Efficiency Index was developed with the technical assistance from the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE), which has published 11 editions of the US State Energy Efficiency Scorecard. ACEEE is also assisting Efficiency Canada in developing a similar scorecard for the provinces of Canada, and is in talks with several other nations for the same. This is a great example of knowledge transfer that is critical to help accelerate EE interventions globally.

In addition to ACEEE, AEEE is working with several other international agencies such as The World Bank, United Nations Development Programme, United States Agency for International Development and Alliance to Save Energy to take forward the EE agenda through knowledge sharing, advocacy, and innovative programs such as space cooling, building codes, and ESCOs. The association, as an EE market enabler and catalyst, is playing a key role in guiding India towards an energy-efficient economy.